Foreign key is use to referential to the unique parent table.
Foreign Key will point to the Primary key of the Parent table.
This will not allow primary from parent table to be deleted without clearing the record of the child table.
Let�s say we want to create 2 tables name users and departments.
and have to create FOREIGN KEY in users table to link to the department table
SQL statement :
CREATE TABLE DEPARTMENTS (
department_id SMALLINT NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY,
And the users table will be like this:
SQL statement is:
CREATE TABLE USERS (
user_id SMALLINT NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY,
department_id SMALLINT NOT NULL ,
FOREIGN KEY (department_ID) references DEPARTMENTS